2008 lobbying spending up 13% over 2007

Lobbying disclosures for the last quarter of 2008 were due on January 20, and the Center for Responsive Politics has updated figures for 2008.  Here are some highlights:

Total Lobbying Spending

1998 $1,440,898,223 $1.44 Billion
1999 $1,438,358,341 $1.44 Billion
2000 $1,537,705,790 $1.54 Billion
2001 $1,627,950,330 $1.63 Billion
2002 $1,812,385,029 $1.81 Billion
2003 $2,043,630,892 $2.04 Billion
2004 $2,172,970,958 $2.17 Billion
2005 $2,415,451,630 $2.42 Billion
2006 $2,604,283,025 $2.60 Billion
2007 $2,837,794,407 $2.84 Billion
2008 $3,227,591,279 $3.23 Billion

Number of Lobbyists

1998 S10,690 10,690
1999 S13,341 13,341
2000 S12,763 12,763
2001 S12,077 12,077
2002 S12,347 12,347
2003 S13,161 13,161
2004 S13,403 13,403
2005 S14,440 14,440
2006 S14,874 14,874
2007 S15,329 15,329
2008 S14,453 14,453
Top Spenders Total
US Chamber of Commerce $91,595,000
Exxon Mobil $29,000,000
AARP $27,900,000
PG&E Corp $27,250,000
Northrop Grumman $20,743,252
American Medical Assn $20,555,000
Pharmaceutical Rsrch & Mfrs of America $20,220,000
American Hospital Assn $19,652,914
General Electric $19,418,000
Verizon Communications $18,190,000
National Assn of Realtors $17,340,000
Boeing Co $16,610,000
Lockheed Martin $15,821,506
Koch Industries $15,450,000
AT&T Inc $15,076,675
National Cable & Telecommunications Assn $14,420,000
Southern Co $14,080,000
General Motors $14,071,000
Blue Cross/Blue Shield $13,951,699
Business Roundtable $13,320,000
Top Lobbying Firms Total
Patton Boggs LLP $38,910,000
Akin, Gump et al $34,520,000
Van Scoyoc Assoc $25,205,000
Cassidy & Assoc $23,320,000
Ogilvy Government Relations $20,760,000
Dutko Worldwide $20,260,000
Hogan & Hartson $17,890,000
BGR Holding $17,750,000
Williams & Jensen $16,280,000
Quinn, Gillespie & Assoc $16,240,000
Podesta Group $15,930,000
K&L Gates $15,035,000
Holland & Knight $14,740,000
Brownstein, Hyatt et al $14,690,000
Altria Client Services $13,840,000
PMA Group $13,535,000
Ernst & Young $12,905,556
DLA Piper $11,670,000
Cornerstone Government Affairs $11,110,000
Carmen Group $11,050,000
Top Issues No. of Reports
Fed Budget & Appropriations 4,741
Defense 2,005
Health Issues 1,872
Taxes 1,766
Energy & Nuclear Power 1,350
Transportation 1,343
Environment & Superfund 1,104
Education 1,087
Trade 982
Medicare & Medicaid 981
Top Industry Sectors Total
Health $478,530,500
Finance, Insurance & Real Estate $453,488,163
Misc Business $450,346,073
Energy & Natural Resources $393,270,145
Communications/Electronics $370,915,883
Transportation $253,393,889
Other $246,634,588
Defense $148,355,183
Ideological/Single-Issue $144,772,257
Agribusiness $130,736,286
Construction $55,884,872
Labor $36,971,276
Lawyers & Lobbyists $31,666,476
Top Industries Total
Pharmaceuticals/Health Products $230,926,704
Electric Utilities $156,719,032
Insurance $153,230,002
Oil & Gas $133,158,191
Business Associations $128,103,938
Computers/Internet $117,125,113
Education $102,006,538
TV/Movies/Music $97,501,747
Hospitals/Nursing Homes $96,698,287
Securities & Investment $92,040,635
Misc Manufacturing & Distributing $91,939,093
Air Transport $90,799,331
Civil Servants/Public Officials $84,150,467
Health Professionals $82,305,968
Real Estate $79,981,581
Automotive $65,532,696
Telecom Services & Equipment $64,001,301
Health Services/HMOs $62,722,992
Misc Issues $62,447,086
Misc Energy $58,805,314

A few highlights:

  • From 2007 to 2008:
    • Total lobbying spending: +13%
    • U.S. GDP: +4 1/2%
    • Number of lobbyists: -6%
    • Revenue per lobbyist: +20%
  • Since 2001:
    • Total lobbying spending: +98%
    • U.S. GDP: +42%
      • So lobbying spending has grown at more than twice the rate of the U.S. GDP
    • Number of lobbyists: +20%
    • Revenue per lobbyist: +65%
  • Appropriations are by far the most common type of lobbying projects
    • Yet earmarks make up only about 1% of the total federal budget

Note: OpenSecrets.org has an error right now preventing me from getting a list of the top agencies lobbied in 2008.  The House and Senate are guaranteed to be at the top of the list, but I’ll add the list of top agencies into this post after their site corrects the problem.

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Top 25 Lobbying Firms (2007)

From the National Journal:

Total federal lobbying spending hit $2.79 billion in 2007, up 7.7 percent from $2.59 billion in 2006, according to the nonprofit Center for Responsive Politics. The total is based on the semi-annual reports that all registered lobbyists, lobbying firms, and corporations submit to Congress under the 1995 Lobbying Disclosure Act. Under amendments passed in 2007, beginning this year lobbyists and firms must report twice as often-every quarter.

For the fifth year in a row, law and lobbying firm Patton Boggs came in at No. 1, reporting $42.5 million in fees, an increase of 23 percent from 2006.

The No. 2 firm last year was Akin Gump, posting fees of $32 million, up 25 percent from 2006.